Using Anabolic Steroids Can Cause Serious Eye Diseases

Using Anabolic Steroids Can Cause Serious Eye Diseases

December 29, 2022

Anabolic steroids are synthetic hormones that mimic the effects of testosterone in the body. They are often used by athletes and bodybuilders to enhance performance and increase muscle mass, but long-term use of anabolic steroids can cause a number of serious side effects, including damage to the eyes.

How Steroids Affect the Eyes

There are a number of potential side effects associated with the misuse of anabolic steroids, and some of these may affect the eyes. Some possible side effects of anabolic steroids on the eyes include:

 Glaucoma: Anabolic steroids can increase the pressure inside the eye, which can lead to glaucoma. Symptoms of glaucoma may include headache, eye pain, and vision loss.

Cataracts: Anabolic steroids can increase the risk of developing cataracts, which are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye. This can cause vision to become blurry or distorted and may require surgical treatment to correct.

Infections: Anabolic steroids can weaken the immune system, making it easier for infections to occur in the eye. Symptoms of an eye infection may include redness, swelling, and discharge.

Dry eye: Anabolic steroids can cause dryness and irritation in the eye, leading to dry eye syndrome. Symptoms of dry eye may include dryness, itching, and redness.

Central serous chorioretinopathy: Steroids can cause central serous chorioretinopathy, a serious side effect of steroid medication that causes a buildup of fluid underneath the retina. This can lead to retinal detachment and vision loss. Symptoms of CSC may include blurred vision in one or both eyes, and a sudden loss of vision.

It's important to note that these side effects are more likely to occur in people who use high doses of steroids for long periods of time, such as bodybuilders. If you are a bodybuilder using steroids and are experiencing any changes in your vision or other eye-related symptoms, it's important to speak with your healthcare provider as soon as possible. They can help you determine the cause of the problem and recommend the appropriate treatment.

How to Prevent Side Effects of Anabolic Steroids

To prevent the negative effects of anabolic steroids on the eyes, the best course of action is to avoid using these drugs altogether. If you are taking anabolic steroids for a medical condition, be sure to follow your healthcare provider's instructions carefully and report any unusual symptoms to your provider.

Ways to Improve Your Eye Health While Taking Anabolic Steroids

Get regular eye exams: It's important to have regular eye exams to check for any changes in your vision or eye health. This is especially important if you are taking anabolic steroids, as they can increase the risk of certain eye conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal detachment.

Eat a healthy diet: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and nutrients such as lutein and zeaxanthin can help support eye health. These nutrients are found in foods such as kale, spinach, and eggs.

Stay hydrated: Drinking enough water can help keep your eyes moist and reduce the risk of dry eye syndrome, a common side effect of anabolic steroid use.

Avoid rubbing your eyes: Rubbing your eyes can cause irritation and increase the risk of infection. If you have itchy or dry eyes, try using artificial tears or a humidifier to help alleviate symptoms.

In conclusion, it is important to use anabolic steroids only under the supervision of a healthcare provider and to follow the recommended dosage and duration of use. If you are using anabolic steroids and have concerns about their effects on your eyes, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider. In addition, individuals who use anabolic steroids should have regular eye exams to monitor for any potential eye problems.


What are anabolic steroids?
Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that mimic the effects of testosterone in the body. They are commonly used to enhance muscle growth, improve athletic performance, and increase physical strength.
How do anabolic steroids affect the body?
Anabolic steroids can have various effects on the body, including increased muscle mass, reduced body fat, enhanced protein synthesis, and improved recovery time. However, they also come with potential risks and side effects.
Can anabolic steroids cause eye diseases?
Yes, the use of anabolic steroids has been linked to the development of serious eye diseases. Prolonged and high-dose steroid use can increase the risk of eye conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, and central serous retinopathy.
What are the common eye diseases associated with steroid use?
The common eye diseases associated with steroid use include cataracts, which cause clouding of the lens; glaucoma, which leads to increased pressure within the eye; and central serous retinopathy, which affects the central part of the retina.
How do anabolic steroids specifically affect the eyes?
Anabolic steroids can disrupt the balance of fluid in the eye, increase intraocular pressure, and affect the normal metabolism of the eye tissues. These changes can contribute to the development of eye diseases.
Are all types of anabolic steroids equally harmful to the eyes?
While different types of anabolic steroids may vary in their potency and side effects, the risk of eye diseases appears to be a potential concern with the use of any form of anabolic steroids.
Can the eye diseases caused by steroid use be reversed?
In some cases, discontinuing the use of anabolic steroids may help prevent further progression of eye diseases. However, the extent of reversibility depends on the specific condition and the duration and dosage of steroid use.
What are the symptoms of eye diseases caused by steroids?
The symptoms of eye diseases caused by steroids may include blurred vision, increased eye pressure, changes in color vision, glare sensitivity, seeing halos around lights, and decreased night vision. It is important to consult an eye specialist for a proper diagnosis.
Are there any preventive measures to protect the eyes?
To protect the eyes from potential steroid-induced damage, it is advisable to use anabolic steroids only under medical supervision and in prescribed doses. Regular eye examinations and monitoring can help detect early signs of eye diseases.
Are there alternative options to anabolic steroids?

Yes, there are alternative options available for muscle growth and athletic performance that do not involve the use of anabolic steroids. These include adopting a balanced diet, following a structured exercise program, and seeking guidance from fitness professionals and healthcare providers.