This condition, which your doctor will refer to as nyctalopia, will cause you to have trouble seeing well in the dark or in poor lighting. It’s not considered as a disease, but rather a symptom of underlying eye problems, more specifically retinal issues.
The most common symptom is having a blurry sight when driving at night. People with night blindness find it difficult to see the stars in a clear sky at night. Entering a dark room is also very problematic for them, especially if they walked into a dark place. right after being in a bright environment
Usually, the underlying cause is a retinal problem. Some of the other causes are listed below.
● Retinitis pigmentosa
● Vitamin A deficiency
Book an appointment with your eye doctor to pinpoint the underlying cause.
Depending on the underlying cause of night blindness, it can be curable. If the underlying cause is nearsightedness, vitamin A deficiency, refractive surgery, and cataracts, then it’s all treatable. You can have a normal level of vision again.
Causes like progressive conditions and genetic disorders may sometimes be manageable. However, the patient doesn’t have a full recovery.
Having a healthy diet is important. Consuming foods rich in Vitamin A can help your night vision and protect your eyes from forming cataracts, which leads to night blindness. Some of the foods rich in vitamin A are as follows: dark green and leafy vegetables, carrots, potatoes, dairy products, broccoli, and fish.
Do eye exercises regularly. When you wake up in the morning and before you go to bed, and whenever your eyes feel tired, doing eye exercises can improve your vision and strengthen your eye muscles. Rest your eyes when needed.
Avoid smoking. Nicotine prevents the production of rhodopsin in the eyes, which is the pigment that is responsible for night vision.
Protect your eyes. Avoid being exposed to bright sunlight without any protection. The more you push your eyes to adjust to sunlight, the harder it will be for them to adjust to the dark. Always wear sunglasses when you are outside.
Apart from Vitamin A, Vitamin E, and C; B6, B9, and B12, Riboflavin, Omega-3, and Niacin help with night blindness.
There’s no certain period until night blindness is cured. Proper treatment should be performed in line with the underlying cause of night blindness. The results vary.
Unfortunately, our night vision deteriorates as we age. While there are many conditions that worsen our ability to see well at night including smoking, sunlight and screen time, there are also things that can be done to improve our night vision.
People with night blindness have trouble seeing both in dark and in very bright environments. One of the reasons for that is the structural weakening of the retina's cells that perform the light-sensing task and result in an inability to perceive bright light.