a website banner telling users to subscribe to it's newsletter

9 Essential Steps on How to Administer Eye Drops Properly

9 Essential Steps on How to Administer Eye Drops Properly

July 21, 2023

Administering eye drops may seem like a simple task, but it is essential to get it right to ensure the effectiveness of the medication and avoid any potential complications. Whether you are treating dry eyes, allergies, or glaucoma, mastering the art of self-medication is crucial for maintaining good eye health.

In this article, we will guide you through the proper technique of administering eye drops and provide valuable tips to ensure a successful and safe application.

Step 1: Preparation

Before you begin, ensure you have washed your hands thoroughly with soap and water. Avoid using any lotion or cream on your hands that could contaminate the eye drop bottle or the area around your eyes. Find a clean, well-lit area where you can comfortably administer the drops.

Step 2: Read the Instructions

Always read the instructions provided with the eye drop medication carefully. Different eye drops may have specific dosing instructions or require a particular technique. Pay attention to the recommended dosage, frequency, and storage instructions to get the most benefit from the medication.

Step 3: Tilt Your Head Back

Gently tilt your head backward and look up toward the ceiling. If you are using a mirror, it can help you see where the drops are going, but be careful not to touch the dropper tip to your eye or eyelid, as it may lead to contamination.

Step 4: Create a Pocket

Using one hand, gently pull down the lower eyelid to create a small pocket. This pocket will hold the eye drops and prevent them from spilling out.

Step 5: Instill the Drops

Hold the eye drop bottle with the other hand, like a pen or pencil. Tilt the bottle slightly downward and position it directly over the pocket created by the lower eyelid. Squeeze the bottle gently to instill the recommended number of drops into the pocket.

Step 6: Close Your Eyes

Close your eyes gently after instilling the drops. This helps the medication spread evenly over the eye's surface and reduces the chance of the drops draining out too quickly.

Step 7: Apply Gentle Pressure

To avoid the medication from entering your tear duct and draining out, apply gentle pressure to the inner corner of your closed eye using your finger. This technique is known as punctal occlusion and can enhance the effectiveness of the medication.

Step 8: Wait and Avoid Blinking

Wait for at least one to two minutes after instilling the eye drops before opening your eyes or blinking. This allows the medication to be absorbed effectively.

Step 9: Recap and Store Properly

After using the eye drops, securely recap the bottle. Store it according to the recommended conditions (e.g., refrigeration if required) and ensure it is kept out of reach of children and pets.


Administering eye drops properly is an essential skill for anyone using self-medication to treat eye conditions. Following the correct technique ensures that the medication reaches the eye's surface effectively, maximizing its therapeutic benefits. Remember to always read the instructions provided by your eye care professional or pharmacist and seek guidance if you have any concerns or questions about using your eye drops. With these simple steps and proper care, you can master the art of self-medication and maintain healthy eyes for a lifetime.