‘Let There Be Light’ In Your Vision Loss Treatment – Things To Know About Cataracts & Surgery

‘Let There Be Light’ In Your Vision Loss Treatment – Things To Know About Cataracts & Surgery

October 05, 2020

No Vision, No Light? No Problem; Let There Be Light & Let There Be Crystalline Vision Again! But How; Smartie, – It is the Cataract & Cataract Surgery! Every opportunity is explored with excellent results.

If we all happen to live long enough, we will all probably get cataracts, which are an inevitable consequence of getting older. The eye lens will begin to cloud in middle age and by 65 – 80, more than half of all of us will either have cataracts or have had cataract surgery.

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What Is Cataract?

It all starts when normal proteins in the eye lens start breaking down, causing the lenses to become cloudy. The lens of the eye focuses light onto the retina at the back of the eye, which then relays nerve signals to the brain, and it adjusts the eye’s focus. This makes us able to see things up close and far away.

But aging causes the proteins to clump together, which clouds the lens, gradually making it harder to see as the cataract grows larger. Cataracts usually happen to take a long time to develop and occur in one or both eyes. But since it is not an infection, it would not spread from one eye to the other.

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The Main Cause

We can say almost nothing but aging it is. Although other factors can contribute such as; certain medications, chronic illnesses, poor health habits, or too much sun without protection, aging is the biggest effect.

Also, being extremely near-sighted is linked with a higher number of cataracts. Although the reason not clear, it is thought that genes and family history play a role.

First Symptoms

Since age-related cataracts generally develop over time, gradually worsening vision may not be noticeable. As the clear eye lens slowly starts turning into a yellowish/brownish color, the increased tinting would make it more difficult to read and colors seem faded.

Other symptoms are blurry or double vision, glare — when headlights, lamps, or sunlight appear blindingly bright — and poor night vision that can make driving hazardous. Nothing but like a piece of clear plastic becoming yellowed, misty, and discolored.

The Diagnosis

If you think you have these symptoms, first and foremost better to see a doctor for an eye exam. Experts recommend that people over age 65 get checkups every year. Young adults should have their eyes checked at least once every two years.

Cataracts are usually identified by a thorough exam that includes a visual acuity test, where reading letters of varying sizes off an eye chart is how cataract is detected. This visual acuity test measures the sharpness and clarity of your vision, and how well you can see at various distances.

A dilated eye exam, in which drops are used to dilate and widen the pupils, offering the physician a clearer view of the back of the eye is also another step on the diagnosis.

Besides, a slit-lamp microscope is used by the doctor to look for signs of cataracts, as well as examine the retina and optic nerve for signs of eye damage and other problems such as glaucoma.

The Treatment

The only treatment to remove cataracts is surgical. During the early stages of cataracts, patients can find some relief with new eyeglass prescriptions, brighter lighting, anti-glare sunglasses, or magnifying lenses. After it progresses and symptoms are interfering with the activities of daily living — reading, driving, watching TV — then surgery to remove the cataract is the only alternative.

Before surgery, your surgeon may have you see your family doctor have a thorough medical exam to make sure you’re stable enough for surgery. Most common heart & lung disabilities –weaknesses-conditions and DementiaAlzheimer are the effecting factors for surgery. Those patients may not be eligible for the surgery.

Surgery Expectations

As far as preparations are concerned, your doctor would test your eyes to measure the curve of the cornea and the size and shape of your eye a week before the surgery.

This information would help the surgeon choose which type of artificial lens — known as an intraocular lens (IOL) — is right for the eye. Also, it might be necessary to stop taking certain medications temporarily. In case of having cataracts in both eyes, each eye will be treated at a separate time to allow for healing.

Surgery Procedure Details – The surgery itself, which usually takes around 30 minutes, is generally done on an out-patient basis under local anesthesia which numbs the nerves in and around the eye. The procedure is focused on removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with a clear, plastic one.

The eye surgeon with a tiny cut enters into the cornea, the clear dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. A tiny probe gets inserted through the cut. Through using ultrasound, the probe breaks up the cloudy lens into very small pieces, which are suctioned out.

Then the artificial lens gets inserted through the cut and positioned inside the lens capsule, which holds the new lens in place. Sometimes, the cut in the eye may need a stitch, but it is normally small enough to heal on its own. The surgery easily can be performed using traditional surgical tools, or it may be laser-assisted.

Refractive Surgery

During the surgery, the surgeon can also switch to what is called refractive surgery, a procedure that corrects vision issues, such as nearsightedness or astigmatism.

Possible Complications

After the operation, most people get their original eyesight back immediately. Patients can get back to their normal activities when they get home, although they may need to wear a patch over the eye.

Itching and mild discomfort are considered normal and eyes may be sensitive to light and touch. But within a day or two, unpleasant aftereffects are expected to go away. In a week or so after surgery, patients would need to use eye drops to help with healing and reduce the risk of infection, and the patients might be required to wear an eye shield or eyeglasses to protect their eyes.

In any surgery, there is a possibility of complications, such as infection, bleeding, inflammation, double vision, and high or low eye pressure. In rare instances, retinas can become detached.

However, those possible problems could usually be treated with prompt medical attention. Sometimes, the eye tissue that encapsulates the IOL can cloud the new lens — a condition that is called after-cataract, which can develop months or even years after the surgery. This normally can be corrected with a laser.

Prevention

In light of preventing cataracts, limiting alcohol and tobacco consumption, and keeping diabetes under control play a very important role. When outside, wearing a hat and sunglasses with UV400 or 100 percent UV protection to block harmful ultraviolet sunlight may help delay their onset.

Long-term exposure to UV light does increase risks. People who live in hot weather climates get more advanced cataracts and at a younger age because of the more intense sunlight.

Reducing sugar intake and consuming green, leafy vegetables, fruit, and other nourishing edibles that contain natural antioxidants are strongly recommended.