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India Reports Up to 60% Increase in Conjunctivitis Cases Amid Heavy Rainfalls

India Reports Up to 60% Increase in Conjunctivitis Cases Amid Heavy Rainfalls

July 28, 2023

According to Indian Express, Delhi and nearby areas have experienced heavy rainfall over the past few weeks, leading to a surge in the number of conjunctivitis, also known as madras eye disease cases. Doctors from various medical facilities in the city have observed that the yearly occurrence of such infections has significantly increased this year due to the unusual showers, flooding, and increased moisture in the atmosphere.

Dr. Soveeta Rath, a specialist in Paediatric Ophthalmology, Strabismus, and Neuro-Ophthalmology at Dr. Shroff’s Charity Eye Hospital in Daryaganj, reportedly stated that cases have risen by approximately 50 to 60 percent. Notably, the majority of those affected are children, with almost one-third of the children attending the hospital's OPD presenting with red eyes or conjunctivitis. Last week alone, the OPD attended to 30 children with conjunctivitis.

Conjunctivitis: Understanding the Types 

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as "pink eye," is a widespread eye condition characterized by inflammation of the conjunctiva, a thin, transparent layer that covers the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids. This condition can be caused by various factors and may present in different forms, making it essential to understand its types and appropriate treatments.

Types of Conjunctivitis 

● Viral Conjunctivitis  

Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious and is often associated with common respiratory infections, such as the common cold or flu. It can be transmitted through direct contact with infected individuals or touching contaminated surfaces. Viral conjunctivitis typically starts in one eye and may spread to the other. Symptoms include redness, watery discharge, and mild discomfort. It usually resolves on its own within a week or two.

● Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by bacteria and is characterized by redness, a sticky yellow or greenish discharge, and discomfort. It is also contagious and can spread through direct contact or shared items like towels or pillowcases. Bacterial conjunctivitis often responds well to antibiotic eye drops or ointments prescribed by a healthcare professional.

● Allergic Conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis is triggered by allergens such as pollen, pet dander, dust mites, or certain chemicals. It is not contagious. Symptoms include red, itchy, and watery eyes, as well as swollen eyelids. Avoiding allergens and using antihistamine eye drops or oral medications can provide relief from allergic conjunctivitis.

As conjunctivitis cases are rapidly increasing in India, we have prepared a news story to help you recognize and prevent eye flu effectively.

While we strongly advise seeking consultation with an ophthalmologist if you suspect pink eye, our news story titled “Top 5 Natural Remedies for Eye Infections” also provides remedies that can help alleviate the symptoms. Be sure to check it out for valuable information.